Though Henry had married for political reasons, with no sentimental wooing, he seems to have been a good husband, and he was certainly fortunate that his wife gave him seven children, of whom two sons and two daughters survived infancy.
Although the claim of his mother, Matildadaughter of Henry I, to the English crown had been set aside by her cousin, King Stephen, inHenry advanced his fortunes by marrying the beautiful and talented Eleanor, recently divorced from King Louis VII of France, who brought with her hand the lordship of Aquitaine.
Arrest was a local responsibility, usually hard upon a flagrant crime. The marriage of Henry's daughter, Margaretto James IV of Scotland would also have later repercussions, as the marriage connected the royal families of both England and Scotland, leading the Stuarts to the throne after the extinction of the Tudor dynasty.
He could be a good companion, with ready repartee in a jostling crowd, but he displayed at times an ungovernable temper and could be heartless and ruthless when necessary.
He was buried in Westminster Abbey, which he had largely rebuilt in the gothic style during his reign. In Maythe King was captured after his defeat at the Battle of Barnet, and not long afterwards he was murdered. Bythe French had retaken the whole province, so hard won by Henry V. Henry conducted most of his international dealings with an eye to recognition of his crown as well as to the security of his realm.
After the Duke of Bedford died inthe Duke of Gloucester claimed the Regency himself, but was contested in this by the other members of the Council. The Scots were routed at Solway Mossand their king died soon after: In the end, the rebellion achieved nothing, and London was retaken after a few days of disorder; but this was principally because of the efforts of its own residents rather than the army.
It would need more than luck, however, to keep it there. Finally, in a bungled deal with the Papacy threatened Henry with excommunication. Byhis influence had been restored, and York was again isolated.
The years until his death in were dominated by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke. He had several goals that he had accomplished by the end of his reign. The household staff rose beyond mere servitude: Four years later Pope Alexander IV pope —61 threatened to excommunicate Henry for failing to meet this financial obligation.
No physical description of Eleanor survives, but since her son Edward I was over six feet tall and her husband was not, it can safely be assumed that she was quite tall for a woman. The network of county sheriffs had collapsed, and with it the ability to raise taxes and collect royal revenues.
The very fact that Henry Tudor became King of England at all is somewhat of a miracle. Henry's mistrust of the nobility derived from his experiences in the Wars of the Roses - a majority remained dangerously neutral until the very end. His body was cut into pieces and his head sent to Wigmore Castle.
One was scutagethe commutation of military service for a money payment; the other was the obligation, put on all free men with a property qualification by the Assize of Armsto possess arms suitable to their station.
George III was the longest-ruling monarch of Great Britain up to that time.
He is known for losing America to revolution and going insane later in life. Henry III of England Biography Henry III, also known as Henry of Winchester, was king of England from until This biography profiles his childhood, family, life history, rule, administration, timeline and other parisplacestecatherine.com Of Birth: Winchester Castle.
Henry III: Henry III, king of England from to In the 24 years (–58) during which he had effective control of the government, he displayed such indifference to tradition that the barons finally forced him to agree to a series of major reforms, the Provisions of Oxford ().
The elder son and. Henry was the only child and heir of King Henry V. He was born on 6 December at Windsor parisplacestecatherine.com succeeded to the throne as King of England at the age of nine months upon his father's death on 31 August ; he was the youngest person ever to succeed to the English throne.
A few weeks later on 21 October in accordance with the Treaty of Troyes ofhe became titular King of. Henry was born in Winchester Castle on 1 October He was the eldest son of King John and Isabella of Angoulême.
Little is known of Henry's early life. He was initially looked after by a wet nurse called Ellen in the south of England, away from John's itinerant court, and probably had close ties to his mother. Henry had four legitimate younger brothers and sisters – Richard, Joan.
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